The department will focus on the application of science and technology to health and family planning development this year, especially health system reforms and the major needs of the medical care industry, using innovation for the reforms, major scientific programs, comprehensive resident doctor training, cultivating talent in communities, and improving safety. It will increase capacity through a different work style and stronger guidance for health and family planning development In the following ways:
I. Scientific and technological system reform in health and family planning
The 2016-2020 plan on health and family planning science education will be completed following national requirements and health and family planning requirements over the next five years. The focus will be on needs, problems and development, and implementation for major medicine developments, HIV/AIDS, viral hepatitis and other major infectious diseases, health and family planning science and technology, and personnel training. The department will push health and family planning science and technology reforms in line with the central government’s requirements, change the national medicine and health science and technology project management, and work to become more professional. There will be pilot management reforms in science and technology and a search for new organization and management models and methods for science projects, greater medical science project efficiency, and greater integration of medical science and health and family planning work.
II. Science and technology program organization and implementation
This follows the 2011-2015 plan and will involve major products, critical needs and problems, with the focus on clinical medicine for major diseases, key technology for medicine industrialization, prevention and control technology systems for emerging and major infectious diseases and support for promising special programs. Institutional development and supervision will be improved through work with various departments, and by drafting of guidelines for medical innovations and applications. Management reform requirements will be met, there will be greater coordinated management between departments and regions, clearer supervisor responsibilities, resource integration, and a pooling of R&D efforts for an emergency technology site, and bio-safety and strategic drugs. There will be annual inspections, periodic task evaluations, and profit-oriented achievement evaluations, with a more dynamic subject adjustment method and meetings on special program organization. There will be a greater effort to introduce talented personnel through the Global Expert Recruitment Program and innovations in talent, team and facilities selections. There will be a focus on new vaccines and antibodies, and prevention and control of new and emergent infectious diseases. There will be a search for international cooperation in new science and technology, stronger internal coordination, greater application of discoveries, more information transparency, public updates on project development, exchanges, and an annual report on major science and technology program development, while working with various departments for the emerging bio-medical industry.
III. Medical research system and new technology standards
There will be a medical research network and site, with the national medical center, national regional medical center, national center for clinical medicine research, and medical industry resources, for studies of China’s medical research operations, studies of a new medical research model, and the removal of problems in medical scientific research. There needs to be coordination in major disease prevention and treatment and research nationwide, clinical research data sharing, greater medical research integrity, and greater research efficiency. Stem cell clinical research management needs standardization, under the Stem Cell Clinical Research Management Methods, and we need better training and publicity for provincial departments and stem cell clinical research institutes. There will be a stem cell clinical research expert committee doing surveys and evaluations of the records of institutes and project sites, making full use of expert support, information disclosure, greater supervision and healthier development in stem cell research. There will be stronger medical and family planning technology assessments and use, with better guidance for assessments and promotion, with 5-10 health technology assessment projects for 2015. Assessments will be examined, health technology applied more, and better medical ethics, scientific research integrity and intellectual property supervision. There will be a Review Methods for Human-related Biomedical Research Ethics, greater training, publicity, and intellectual property management in medicine, health and family planning, and greater medical research registration and records at pilot hospitals.
IV. Bio-safety supervision and science research facility management
There will be tighter biological safety supervision in labs, better management, and specific evaluation rules for bio-safety Level-4 lab experiments, and higher bio-safety lab security requirements. There will be risk evaluations and special bio-safety training for bacteria (virus) institutes and bio-safety Level-4 labs along with administrative exams and cooperation with other departments to draw up plans for new high-level bio-safety labs and national bacteria (virus) institutes. The department will take the lead in bio-safety work and work with other departments on countermeasures for emerging infectious diseases, major bio-lab accidents, and bio-tech misuse. The Bio-Safety Administration of Pathogenic Microorganism Lab rule will be modified And there will be stronger commission-level scientific research facility management, management methods for commission-level scientific research facilities, and major scientific research facility evaluations. A more dynamic management mechanism will be established, and there will be support for scientific research facilities in translational medicine and clinical research and a push for major national scientific infrastructure and a human genetic resources center.
V. Greater medical and health system reforms and better medical talent
There will be more standardized resident doctor through a better system, training evaluations, better fund management, and better training regulations and training quality. There will be training evaluations and better information management, training supervision, third-party supervision and evaluation of trainers, with regional funds and support from eastern China for the central and western areas. Model facilities will be singled out and unqualified facilities phased out, and there will be a push for upgrades and coordinated development, with national exchanges for resident doctor standardization, use of experience from advanced areas, more balanced development of regional training, and the creation of a good work environment. There will be a pilot program for standardized training of specialists, following the Guidance on Establishing Standardized Training System for Specialist Doctors paper. There will be stronger general practitioner training for communities, with general practitioner training, job-transfer training, free training for medical students in rural areas, and faculty training, and stronger talented team development at the community level. The department will work with the Finance Ministry on health and family planning personnel training and assistant general practitioner training to for talented people in central and western China. There will be a push for continued education of all medical technicians and stronger medical ethics and skills education and improved inter-ministerial coordination for medical education management, with regular meetings to cultivate medical talent. There will be a supply-demand mechanism in medical training based on needs, and stronger training of general practitioners, pediatricians and psychiatrists and coordination between school departments to keep hiring at a reasonable scale to improve e education quality at institutes of higher learning.
VI. Comprehensive performance upgrade
The department will be changed to promote its own development overall, with further learning encouraged, monthly science education forums, Party Mass Line education activities, and further study and research at the community level for Party members at subordinate units. There will be stronger institutional development, and a better work mechanism and executives. There will be more leadership building and training of young leaders to encourage them to get tough at the community level and grow through practice. There will be a change of work style, greater work efficiency, more awareness of the bigger picture, responsibilities, innovations, excellence and services, and greater ability to coordinate teams, overall planning, and research. There will be cleaner Party conduct, greater supervision of areas in risk of corruption, and system development to keep power in check, with stronger Party branch development, Party leaders encouraged to set up example for others and strive to develop a strong collective with unity and harmony, and strong innovation desire.