With comprehensive and rapid construction of population health informatization and rapid new technology development and application, medical, health and family planning institutes at all levels are collecting more and more data on electronic health records, electronic medical records and population information. The range of population health information sharing is extending, and there is an increasing demand to use population health information to serve the public. At the same time, population health information faces increasing security threats. We urgently need to draw lessons from good international experiences and practices, study and formulate population health information management standards, strengthen population health information management to ensure health information safety and protect citizens’ privacy.
To promote population health information utilization and protection, the National Health and Family Planning Commission has formulated Population Health Information Management Measures (Trial Implementation) through research participated by various stakeholders, public opinion consultation and multiple expert discussions. The Measures aims to standardize and strengthen population health information collection, management and utilization, as well as protect security and individual privacy at medical, health and family planning administrative departments at various levels. It will promote health informatization and scientific health and family planning development through clarifying management and security responsibilities, boosting health information sharing, interconnection and utilization, and ensuring information and individual privacy safety.
Range of application
The Measures apply to all population health information collection, management, utilization, security and individual privacy protection work linked to medical, health and family planning institutes (including traditional Chinese medicine institutes) at various levels. These institutes are responsible for health information management and should ensure information and individual privacy safety by following the law and medical ethics.
Basic content of population health information
Population health information refers to the basic population, medical and health services information produced in the process of service and management provided by medical, health and family planning institutes at various levels in accordance with national laws and regulations and their responsibilities. It mainly covers total population, electronic health and medical records, and population health statistics.
Population health information management principle
1. Overall planning and unified standards
National Health and Family Planning Commission has made overall planning and relevant management norms for population health information development and formulated unified population health information standards. All units involved shall carry out population health information management work in accordance with overall planning and unified standards.
2. Local management and consistent rights and obligations
The commission urges health and family planning administrative departments at various levels to carry out their responsibilities in line with the existing division of the labor management system by promoting, guiding and monitoring the population health information management work within their own jurisdiction and strengthening local management responsibilities. Units in charge should exercise their rights in managing population health information, clarify responsibilities and implement various plans. Health and family planning administrative departments failing to live up to their functions will be held accountable accordingly.