The Health Ministry has set clear targets for national healthcare services in its 12th Five-Year Plan (2011-15), with systems that will be further improved and regulated covering both urban and rural residents by 2015. These systems include a medical security system, a public health services system, a medical care system and a pharmaceutical supply system.
With a more efficient mechanism to manage medical and healthcare institutions, it will become increasingly more convenient to see a doctor and more easily accessible to get medical services. Meanwhile, the ministry will bring down people’s individual share of total medical costs through reimbursement to further boost national health conditions in order to lead developing countries.
By 2015, the average life expectancy will reach 74.5 years. The mortality rate of infants is expected to drop to 12 percent, with the rate for children under the age of five reaching 14 percent. The maternal mortality rate is expected to go down to 22 per 100,000, while individual medical expenses will fall below 30 percent.
The following are major tasks for health development during the period.
An organized healthcare system will be established in which each institution should be aware of its functions and responsibilities in preventing and controlling health disorders. The system will value both traditional Chinese medicine and Western medicine.
The public health service system will be enhanced, covering disease prevention and control, mental health, maternity and child care, health supervision, health emergency response, blood collection and supply, health education, and some other specialized services.
Rural medical services including first aid are set to be further improved. County-level hospitals will become more standardized to provide more quality medical services amid ongoing medical reforms reaching public hospitals.
A network of national medical centers including regional medical centers and clinical key specialties will be put in place by 2015. Each and every sub-district will have a government-run community healthcare center that, together with professional public health institutions, will form a new urban healthcare system.
Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) will be further developed in a bid to play a bigger role in maintaining national health conditions, which entails a professional TCM team as well as a complete system of TCM preventive healthcare services and R&D devotion.
Legal regimes, with a talent training center and a medical information platform, will better underpin national health reforms and progress.
Private capital is encouraged to flow into medical institutions, either non-profit or for-profit, because institutions need to be run in diversified forms to satisfy growing but unique healthcare demands.